Building mining and construction camps in remote locations are key to the delivery of major infrastructure projects in such areas. Much of the worlds resources are being accessed from extremely remote locations and teams of workers must be housed at or near the sites. Man camps are typically required for both the construction and operational phase of projects, and employees are demanding higher levels of comfort when living and working in such environments. Delivering a cost-effective, well-appointed camp is an important step to the success of a building project in such regions.
Getting a mining or construction camp built in remote areas presents unique challenges. These include logistics, transport, availability of skilled labor, soil conditions, sloping terrain and local availability of materials such as concrete. In very remote locations such as the highlands of Papua New Guinea these issues are exacerbated and must be effectively dealt with. The remoteness of many mining and construction projects simply means that all materials and labor must be brought in as there is often virtually nothing available in the immediate local area. So the decision becomes whether to bring in all the materials and construct the camp on site, or to have the camp pre-engineered or built off site and delivered to site ready for erection.
1. Conventional building on site – this requires all individual materials to be brought to site, often in many deliveries. Many more builders and trades people must be housed, and construction time is longer. If something is missing you cannot simply order from around the corner and go pick it up that day. The potential for construction delays is much higher.
2. Build off-site and transport – a very common solution and effective in locations where there are good roads to and from the site. These buildings are prefabricated off site to lock up or even to turnkey and then transported as a whole or in sections to site. The size of buildings is also restricted to the size of the trucks available and able to travel the roads. In most third-world countries roads in remote locations are not the best quality and prefabricated buildings risk significant damage in transport.
3. Pre-engineered buildings – a fast growing trend in mining and construction camps. Made with a modular building system, these buildings are pre-engineered and are flat packed into shipping containers ready for easy transport. Everything required to construct to lock up and turnkey can be delivered in one shipment.
These systems are generally very fast to construct and can be built easily with a minimum of skilled labor.
There are a number of modular building systems available on the market built from various materials – concrete, wood, plastic or steel. Not all of these are suitable to remote area construction. Some of the considerations when evaluating a modular system include – ease of construction, ability to be built on difficult soil types, ability to be built on sloping terrain, ability to withstand termites, borers and extreme weather conditions.
A pre-engineered building system, is ideal for mining and construction camps in remote areas. It is built from steel, has structural insulated panels, has a steel foundation and flooring system that can be built on difficult soil types or on sloping terrain, and can be built easily with a minimum of skilled labor. The result is well-appointed buildings that are cyclone, hurricane and earthquake-proof, that require minimum logistics to get them to site and be built without concrete.
A further benefit of Force 10 is that temporary construction camps with smaller quarters can be easily turned into larger homes for accommodating a permanent work force, delivering significant savings. Man camps that deliver employees superior levels of comfort in harsh environments can be delivered cost effectively with the correct selection of a pre-engineered building system.
Man has always desired to reach the top, be it by building a gigantic ship like the Titanic, the huge airship or the tallest building in the world. Even in the Bible, we read about people in the city of Babylon, who decided to build a tower so high that it would have its top in the heavens. They called it the ‘Tower of Babel’. It has been and still is man’s innermost desire to be above the others, and this desire has resulted in the construction of skyscrapers rising hundreds of meters into the air, overlooking the thousands of ordinary brick-and-mortar buildings of the concrete jungle in the urban landscape.
Tallest Building in the World
During the first 90 years of this century, the title of the tallest building in the world was enjoyed by USA, who constructed several famous tall buildings. Chicago’s Sears Tower, completed in 1974, held this prestigious title for more than 20 years. However, in 1996, Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur snatched away the title. But there were a lot of contentions with regards to which is the tallest, Sears or Petronas.
To put an end to the debate, the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH), which is the official body who has the authority to determine which building deserves the title of the ‘tallest building in the world’, came up with four basic categories for measuring tall buildings. They make their decision based on four factors such as height to the architectural top of the building, height of highest occupied floor in the building, height to the top of the roof, height to the top of the antenna, and then give their verdict.
Which is the Tallest Building in the World Today?
The tallest building today is ‘Burj Khalifa’ of Dubai, UAE. Standing at a fantastic height of 2716 feet or 828m, this building breaks the record of the previous record holder, Taiwan 101. Officially opened on Jan. 4, 2010, this record breaker was welcomed with a fabulous celebration of laser show and fireworks that seemed to be shooting from the building itself. The tower itself cost $150 billion to build.
This needle-shaped skyscrapers’ construction began in 2004 and was known as Burj Dubai during its construction. However, with the economic downturn, Dubai found itself crumbling under the weight of its debts. Abu Dhabi, Dubai’s oil rich neighbor then helped bail the nation out by lending $10 billion (£6.13bn) to pay off the debts. Thus, in gratitude for the warm, salvaging gesture, Dubai renamed the building Burj Khalifa, after Abu Dhabi’s leader, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan.
Besides being the tallest building in the world, Burj Khalifa also has the most stories and the highest occupied floor of any building in the world. It has been built in a ‘Y’ shape with three wings to keep the weight balanced. The building boasts of housing the world’s first Armani hotel on the bottom floors. It also comprises 900 Dubai residences, 37 floors of office space, and a superb dining restaurant and observation deck on the 124th floor. People can ascend to the deck via the longest lift in the world, which takes only two minutes to travel 504 meters. Let’s now find out some more about the other tall buildings on this planet.
Which are Some of the Tallest Buildings in the World?
|Building Name||City and Country||Year of Completion||Height (feet)||Floors|
|Burj Khalifa||Dubai, The United Arab Emirates||2010||2,716||160|
|Taipei 101||Taipei, Taiwan||2004||1,667||101|
|World Financial Center||Shanghai, China||2008||1,614||101|
|Petronas Tower 1||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||1998||1,483||88|
|Petronas Tower 2||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||1998||1,483||88|
|Greenland Financial Center||Nanjing, China||2009||1,476||66|
|Sears Tower||Chicago, United States||1974||1451||108|
|Guangzhou West Tower||Guangzhou, China||2009||1,435||103|
|Jin Mao Building||Shanghai, China||1999||1,381||88|
|Two International Finance Center||Hong Kong||2003||1,362||88|
Potential Ten Tallest Buildings in the World by 2015
|Building Name||City and Country||Year of Completion||Height (meters)||Floors|
|Burj Khalifa||Dubai, The United Arab Emirates||2010||828||160|
|Pingan International Finance Center||Shenzhen, China||2015 (Under Construction)||646||115|
|Light Tower||Seoul, South Korea||2015 (Under Construction)||640.1||133|
|Shanghai Tower||Shanghai, China||2015 (Under Construction)||632||128|
|Abraj Al Bait Towers||Mecca, Saudi Arabia||2011 (Under Construction)||591||85|
|Lotte World Premium Tower||Seoul, South Korea||2014 (Under Construction)||554.7||123|
|One World Trade Center||New York City, United States||2013 (Under Construction)||541.3||108|
|Hyundai Global Business Center||Seoul, South Korea||2014 (Under Construction)||539.8||110|
|Pentominium||Dubai, The United Arab Emirates||2014 (Under Construction)||516||122|
|Burj Al Alam||Dubai, The United Arab Emirates||2015 (On Hold)||510||108|
After having a look at the prospective tallest buildings coming up by the year 2015, we find that Burj Khalifa of Dubai will continue to reign as the tallest building in the world!
Reston, VA (PRWEB) January 29, 2013
On January 12th, Synergy Design & Construction joined over 200 local remodeling professionals at the Dulles Hilton for the NARI Metro DC chapter’s Contractor of the Year (CotY) awards ceremony. Held every year in January, the gala event honors member with Finalist, Merit, and Grand awards in over 30 categories. The 3rd-largest NARI chapter in the US, NARI Metro DC has traditionally received the largest volume of CotY project entries of any chapter. Award categories range from “Creative Solutions Under $15,000” to “Custom Home Over $1,000,000,” with many awards for kitchens, baths, green and commercial design in between.
This year, Synergy D&C, a design-build firm located in Reston, is honored to receive the Grand award for Commercial Interior for the Chasin’ Tails crawfish restaurant, a new Arlington hotspot whose completely remodeled space opened in April 2012.
From the day the Chasin’ Tails owners approached Synergy, Mina Fies, founder and CEO, and her team worked tirelessly to transform the retail space at 2200 N. Westmoreland Street into a unique and eye-catching space worthy of its uber-visible corner location. The restaurant serves iconic Cajun recipes and crawfish imported from Louisiana, so the team developed an “urban bayou” design scheme, mixing wood accents with a bold color palette and flashy New Orleans artwork for a fun and upbeat feel.
After the design process was complete, Synergy moved right into construction as the general contractor responsible for the entire build-out. “We couldn’t be more excited about our award for Chasin’ Tails,” says Fies. “The new interior is absolutely jaw-dropping. It was a fun project, we had wonderful clients, and it’s been amazing to see the transformation of the space from the outdated caf
The best source and one of the popular methods for storing your valuable items outdoors is going for portable garages, where we can easily protect our bikes, cars, unwanted household items and many more things.
These garages give protection to the stored items from all types of weather conditions. The portable garages can also be used as storage sheds for storing tools, vehicles like tractors, farm equipment, building material, horse shelters and more.
The advantage of having portable garages is that they can be relocated from place to place and mounted on any surface. Portable garages are the right choice for the bike, car and truck, jeep or van owners so that they could have their vehicles covered giving them the right protection from the onslaught of unpredictable elements.
Portable garages are the alternative solutions for storing any valuable and expensive item. These garages come in many models and impressive colors. Using these portable garages, you can protect your bigger
investments like vans, cars and trucks.
There are many factors that go into home building costs and it can be huge task to even come out with an estimate.
The quickest way to estimate home building costs is to find similar houses in the area that has the same overall look and size of one that you want to build. Then take the selling price, minus the cost of the land and you will have a rough and quick estimate of the construction cost. This is, of course not an exact science, but by following this basic rule you will be able to get a rough estimate.
If the house that you are comparing with was built a few years ago, then you should factor in the appreciation cost due to increase in the cost of labor and materials at between 2 to 5% per annum.
Home building costs can be further influence by the interior feature of the home. Let’s say you want a completely furnished basement and the house than you are using as a reference does not. You should factor this into the cost estimate. A little here and there can add up to thousands of dollars.
Another way is to seek the help of a construction company. If you show them the type of house that you are interested in they should be able to respond to you with a quick estimate. Usually, due to expertise and experience, their estimate can be quite close to the actual building cost.
What if the house that you plan to build is different from what is available in your vicinity? Here is a tip. Go online and type in the terms ‘home plans’ or ‘house plans’. You will find many sites that offer thousands of house plans. You can search by type, size, number of rooms etc and for a small price you can download the blueprint. Then ask your friendly construction company to give you an estimate.
Yet another way is to use home building kits. Again go online and type in ‘home building kits’. There are many companies offering home building kits than contains everything (except labor) that you need to build a house. Then ask your construction company to quote for labor charges. Labor charges constitute a significant portion of the cost of building your own home and if you have the expertise, using a home building kit and building it yourself can reduce your estimate significantly.
No matter how precise or detail oriented you are in the planning stages, you must keep in that there may be an unexpected cost overrun. It is a safe practice to put away about 10 or even 15 % for contingency to ensure that you have the money to cover any overrun.
Home building costs can often times be very difficult to pinpoint. But if you use some of the methods described above, and by being precise and detail oriented, you will be able to come up with a very close estimate on your home building costs.
Excavation in Various Industries and Applications
Usually, excavation plays a huge role in archaeological functions. Archaeologists see the need to excavate sites in certain locations across the world to obtain old artefacts of past cultures and civilisations and fossils of prehistoric or extinct creatures. To make discoveries and to support existing historical studies, they need to dig up soil and excavate certain areas of a locality.
Outside of archaeology, excavation is an early stage in building and construction. Contractors and builders cannot build sky-rising building and public structures without excavating the ground first and building the foundations and concrete footings at the excavated area. Buildings and public structures like roads and bridges need to be built on strong ground foundation for support. In such works, the excavating crew dig up a certain area to create a level clean area to work, lay down the foundations or any other materials in the excavated area and backfill (refill) it.
In environmental remediation, removal workers excavate contaminated soil and leaking underground storage tank. In installation works, workmen need to dig up the ground to lay down pipes and plumbing systems and cables.
The industries that usually engaged in excavations are:
• General building contractors
• Public infrastructure works
• Bridge and tunnel construction
• Water, sewer and pipeline construction
• Communication and power line installations
• Concrete work and well and oil drilling contractors
Safety at Excavated Sites
Excavation is considered one of the most dangerous types of work in the building and construction industry. This is one of the areas in occupational safety. Most accidents at the sites occur due to:
• Inadequate planning
• Negligence by workers in their tasks
• Failure to recognise potential hazards
• Lack of formal excavation plan, safe access and egress to the sites and emergency rescue equipment plan
• Unsafe or improper placement of spoil pile
• Operating earthmoving vehicles too close to the edge of trenches
• Improper shoring
• Lack of barrier guards, caution signs, guard rails or flashing lights to protect the site.
Accidents at excavated areas can take place quickly. Some of the hazards that can take place include:
• Cave-in or collapse of piece of ground or wall structures
• Materials or equipment falling into the excavation sites
• Struck-by accidents
• Explosions or fire from oil leaks or spills
Upholding Safety at Excavation Sites
To prevent accidents and disasters at the excavated areas, employers and contractors should make sure it is safe for their men to work at the site. The management should present information regarding ground and soil conditions, underground water courses and plans for excavation works to government authorities. They should address key issues on safety before starting work. Inspectors should survey excavation sites regularly to see work is progressing smooth and safe.
The use of equipment and operation of vehicles like bulldozers, excavators and cranes should only be handled by competent and insured workmen. Workmen should wear the necessary protective gears while at site.
As much as observing safety at work, workmen should also take necessary precaution when handling hazardous materials like live wires, vintage bombs and oil from leaking underground storage tank. An excavation site is a danger zone, so employers, contractors and workmen should be careful, alert and aware at all times.
Singapore, one of the Asia’s most vibrant cities, is home to some of the world’s best modern architecture. This, at least in part, is due to the government of Singapore actively promoting the construction of high quality modern buildings.
As the population of Singapore is drawn from many ethnic origins, and the island has been ruled by a succession of foreign powers, the country has struggled to find its identity since gaining independence in 1965. First the city’s banks and then the government have actively aimed to develop high-quality landmark buildings with the aim of not only defining a sense of national identity, but also to boosting business and tourism. For this reason the city is full of high quality architecture.
Singapore’s Modern Architecture: Skyscrapers
In the late seventies and eighties Singapore’s businesses and hotels drew attention to themselves by constructing high-quality skyscrapers. The city became synonymous with the high-rise as buildings by some of the world’s leading architects, including Pritzker Prize winners, I.M. Pei and Kenzo Tange, rose in the city. In 1986 Singapore was the focus of the world’s attention, as the 280-meter Overseas Union Bank Centre became the tallest building outside of North America. This building would start a trend as Asian cities constructed higher and higher buildings.
First Kuala Lumpur (Petronas Towers), then Taipei (Taipei 101) and most recently Dubai (Burj Dubai) have all constructed visually interesting “world’s tallest”, skyscrapers that have focused the world’s attention on the host city. However, Singapore’s could not follow this route due to a height restriction imposed by the downtown’s proximity to the airport.
Singapore’s Modern Architecture: Municipal Buildings
Denied the chance to increase it’s exposure through the construction of the “world’s tallest building”, Singapore has tried to find other ways to distinguish itself and increase people’s awareness of the city through its architecture. City officials knew this could be achieved by creating an iconic landmark building, an Eiffel Tower or a Sydney Opera House, which would become synonymous with the city’s prosperity.
Since the beginning of the millennium three extremely high quality municipal buildings designed by internationally famous architects have been constructed in the city. First Michael Wilford and DP Architects’ Esplanade Theatre in 2002, followed by T.R. Hamzah & Yeang’s National Library of Singapore in 2005, and most recently Stirling Prize winner Norman Foster’s Supreme Law Court of Singapore in 2006. All three are examples of excellent modern architecture that Singapore can be proud of.
These buildings, and the recently completed Singapore Flyer, (which like the London Eye has become a major attraction) have drawn business and tourists to the city, however, although each building is a striking and successful addition to the city none has become the iconic symbol of Singapore.
Architecture does not restrict itself to construction of buildings with the stereotypical square or rectangular structures. Architecture also includes unconventional structures such as domes, which are buildings with hemispherical design, usually having a circular, square or octagonal base. Depending on the requirements of the construction, different types of domes such as geodesic domes, monolithic domes, or segmented domes are used. Among all the types, geodesic architecture or domes have been the most popular in several parts of the world.
One of the first residential dome structures was designed by Buckminster Fuller, an American architect who wanted a unique style of building that required limited time and materials for construction. As far as circulation of air and energy was concerned, the interiors of these semi-spherical structures proved to be the best among all other structures. Domes are devoid of any hindrance internally and allow the atmosphere to be heated and cooled in a natural way. In statistical language, domes take approximately thirty percent less energy for heating and cooling as the domes have close to thirty percent less surface area than other conventional or box shaped buildings. When additional heating is required, solar power can be used effectively by including an arc of windows.
The building materials required for constructing a geodesic dome structure are fewer compared to those required by other conventional structures. Thus it reduces costs for the builder. Unlike other structures that cover wide areas, construction of a dome consumes less time and less manpower. In addition to this, whether the domes are small or large, there is no need of additional walls and columns. Also, due to the least surface area for every unit of volume per structure, the influence of the weather conditions on the dome is negligible. Thus these buildings are light in weight, yet very strong in structure.
Domes are user friendly buildings that ensure survivability or longevity and are also environmentally friendly. The forces of compression and tension are mitigated by the designs, making them stronger. As domes are self supporting structures, they are a viable option for making houses, museums, or playgrounds. Domes also ensure safety from fire as concrete doesn’t burn. Moreover, in domes, the walls, floors and ceilings are continuous in structure which makes them termite proof. Domes are also said to be structures that can withstand a nuclear blast or resist radiation and that have the least of maintenance costs.
Dome architecture has both residential and commercial use as there are numerous options available for designing. Cathedrals, schools, taverns, and observatories are some of the buildings which use dome architecture. Domes are also used for various purposes, ranging from an exhibition or fair, an educational outdoor classroom, commercial community centre, an outdoor recreation hall, to a spa cover. Some of the famous domes in the world have been those of the Rome, such as the Panthean, and London’s Millennium Dome, and the Eden Domes, also in the United Kingdom. The world’s largest water park in Japan is also dome shaped– the Miyazaki Ocean Dome. The largest dome stadium in the world which is supported by cable is the Georgia Dome. Apart from these, the most versatile dome structure, the igloo, has been the oldest structure used by the Eskimos in the Polar Regions.
Apart from these, though there are a few considerations in dome shaped buildings such as making place for chimneys, fire escapes, and electrical wiring compared to other rectangular or square structures. Domes can resist adverse climatic conditions such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, and flood easily. Moreover, dome structures have a very long life with an expected existence spanning over a hundred years.
The exchange project, organised by the Cornwall Youth Forum, will bring 12 young people from Bosnian towns of Mostar and Stolac to spend a week in the county to take part in a packed week of visits and activities.
“The aim of this exchange is to help both groups of young people to gain a greater understanding of human rights and democratic processes within the European Union,” said Cornwall Council’s youth work co-ordinator Soozie Tinn.
“By drawing on the experience of the young people from Bosnia, our youngsters will learn first-hand about human rights issues and see how youth forums in Bosnia and Herzegovina have worked together to bring reconciliation between the divided communities.
“At the same time the young people from Bosnia will have the chance to see how organizations such as the UK Youth Parliament and the British Youth Council can help influence democratic processes and deliver real change”.
The exchange project will culminate in a formal presentation about their experiences in Cornwall to MP’s and Cornwall Councillors in the Council Chamber in Truro on Saturday, December 21.
The project is being run in partnership with the Nansen Dialogue Centar (NDC) Mostar, a Bosnian-based organization which promotes dialogue among young people from different ethnic groups.
Read more: http://www.westbriton.co.uk/Young-people-Bosnia-visit-Cornwall-international/story-20316249-detail/story.html#ixzz2nNGxBLCi
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“We at FIU, with our concrete lab sponsored by Titan, Wall of Wind and solar house testing platforms at our disposal, look forward to partnering with Titan and BASF on future projects in Florida.”.
“This symposium provided an excellent opportunity to have an impressive group of engineers together in one room to learn critical information about the dynamic quality sustainability advances that are being achieved as science teams up with concrete technologists to manipulate nanostructuresto positively impact not just the microstructure, but also the building that is being raised,” reflected Dr. Andreas Tselebidis, BASF Director for Sustainable Concrete Technology responsible for all signature BASF projects worldwide.
Agreeing with Tselebidis, Dr. Cesar Constantino, Titan America’s Senior Director of Process and Quality notedthat “it was of great benefit that all three presenters demonstrated where the key triggering points are that need to be addressed with care by engineers and architects long before building design, rather than at the end of the process. Symposium participants saw that the customizing of concrete solutions for a project with locally available materials, such as Greencrete Â® available through Titan Concrete in South Florida, has to take place in tandem while other engineering activities– such aswind design– are taking place so that needs are effectively and coherently addressed.
“With concrete clearly becoming the preferred ‘material of choice’ for the tallest buildings as mass and damping play critical roles in performance of the structure to control vibration and motions, the concrete producer can no longer be seen as a mere product supplier, but rather an expert research and resource partnerin developing design solutions that are sustainable, long-lasting and cost-effective.”.
As an example, when Greencrete is specified, “it brings Titan Concrete’s innovation to the integrative project planning and design process which in turn supports a USGBC credit category in LEED v4,” continued Constantino who serves on behalf of Titan Concrete as the Task Group Chair for the Concrete Science Platform of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Concrete Sustainability Hub and works closely with local academia at UM and FIU on research and development initiatives.
Tselebidis reinforced how important it is for “engineers, developers, owners and architects to dig into and embrace the new research levels and science out there and allow the science to come into reality in their buildings, both for the short-term processes and the future, long-lasting maintenance processes on the operational side. By focusing on blending these aspects into concrete andbuilding materials as a whole, we make entire structures successful economically as well as ecologically.”.
“The long-standing strong bond of BASF and Titan reinforced by FIU’s advisory and state-of-the-art testing facility services is game-changing for SouthFlorida,” noted Dr. Peter A. Irwin, FIU, College of Engineering and Computing who presented on the impacts of structural and wind engineering, insights into wind design considerations in tall concrete buildings and efficient structure designs that reduce environmental impacts through accurate knowledge of wind loading and imaginative structural engineering. “We at FIU, with our concrete lab sponsored by Titan, Wall of Wind and solar house testing platforms at our disposal, look forward to partnering with Titan and BASF on future projects in Florida.”.
Following presentations and interactive Q&A session, attendees toured their choice of FIU’s Titan America Structures and Construction Testing Laboratory, Wall of Wind and Solar House.
For more information on the symposium and future symposium and continuing education programming, contact Mark Wachtel of Titan Concrete at -LRB-954-RRB- 553-3870 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
About Titan Concrete, a Titan America Business.
Titan America is a leading environmentally and socially-progressive heavy building materials company located in the eastern United States. In operation since 1902, Titan remains a family-led business with a values-oriented, people-focused culture.
About BASF Construction Chemicals.
BASF provides admixture products and concrete technologies to help building owners, design professionals, concrete producers, and contractors build structures that perform to the highest standards while minimizing environmental impact.
About FIU, Engineering and Computing.
As an educational leader in a changing economic, technological, and social environment, the FIU College of Engineering andComputing is committed to excellence, quality, sustained growth and access while offering our students an outstanding and rigorous education in an environment that supports intellectual growth.